Isabel Sobowale

Isabel Sobowale

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What’s in a surname? The female artists lost to history because they got married

G enerations of female artists, composers and writers have been lost to history because their names changed after marriage. According to growing academic consensus, the conventional switch of surnames at the altar has erased a key cultural legacy. And the story of the painter and designer Isabel Rawsthorne, told in a new biography, is among the first to make this powerful argument.

A star of the London art scene in the late 1940s and 50s, Rawsthorne was billed as one of five key artists to watch alongside Francis Bacon and Lucian Freud. Yet her striking paintings are now attached, piecemeal, to the three other names she used. As a result, she appears simply as a string of footnotes, best known as the muse of her famous lovers, the sculptors Jacob Epstein and Alberto Giacometti.

Three Fish, a 1948 painting by Isabel Rawsthorne. Photograph: © Warwick Llewellyn Nicholas Estate

Dr Carol Jacobi, author of the new study of Rawsthorne, Out of the Cage, published by Thames & Hudson, believes it is a question of now hauling significant female artists “out of the shadows”.

“Power really does reside in a name,” said Jacobi, a curator at Tate Britain. “When Rawsthorne died no one connected her to the artist known as Isabel Lambert, who had created so many designs during the Festival of Britain, nor to the bohemian muse Isabel Delmer, and certainly not to the promising artist Isabel Nicholas, who had exhibited in London in the 1930s.”

Jacobi believes many artistic legacies have been mislaid this way. A child prodigy such as Emma Jones, said Jacobi, has limited recognition now only because her husband, Alexis Soyer, made sure her work was credited when she died in childbirth, aged 28, in 1842. Other artists yet to be retrieved from the margins include the American modernist Helen Torr, whose career, despite early acclaim in the 1920s in New York, was overshadowed by her husband, the abstract artist Arthur Dove.

In Scotland, Margaret Macdonald, wife of Charles Rennie Mackintosh, is gradually being acknowledged beyond academic circles. She created many features of her husband’s popular work, shaping the “Glasgow Style” of the 1890s, as he acknowledged, writing: “Margaret has genius, I have only talent.”

The problem is widespread across culture, according to the crusading academic Anna Beer, author of Sounds and Sweet Airs: the Forgotten Women of Classical Music. “The problem really started in the 19th century when the idea of a wife as property took hold,” she said. “Before that, in the previous 200 years, women artists and musicians often hung on to a family name if it positioned them helpfully as part of a creative dynasty.”

The Mysterious Garden, a 1911 watercolour by Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh. Photograph: National Galleries of Scotland/Getty Images

Beer also believes an immoral taint on artistic effort in the Victorian era stopped women putting themselves forward. Writing for public consumption was seen as akin to prostitution. “So you can see why women chose to publish anonymously or adopted men’s names,” she said.

Rawsthorne’s extraordinary life began in 1912 when she was born to the middle-class Nicholas family. As a child growing up on the Wirral, her aptitude for art was clear. At 16, she found a way to try life drawing, which was forbidden, by hiring a room where fellow art school students could model.

Francis Bacon’s portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne. Photograph: © The Estate of Francis Bacon

Arriving at the Royal Academy of Art in 1931, on a rare scholarship for a young woman, her studies were cut short when her father died. But by then she had staged her own shows and met Epstein and his wife, Margaret, eventually moving in with them as a convenient life model. When she became pregnant by Epstein, she decided to hand the baby over to the couple.

Moving to Paris, her painting style developed and she married the British journalist and anti-Nazi “black propaganda” supremo Sefton Delmer, taking his name as a form of protection during travels in civil war-torn Spain, where they were captured briefly by rebels. She gathered intelligence and worked for a period at the covert propaganda bureau in Aspley Guise, near Bletchley Park, run by her husband.

As her art moved from surrealism towards studies of animals and human figures, she returned to Paris and met Giacometti, whose work is believed to have been strongly influenced by her long, lean form.

Back in London and divorced from Delmer, she was the subject of a series of exhibitions and began a relationship with her second-husband-to-be, the celebrated composer Constant Lambert, a man initially also engaged to prima ballerina Margot Fonteyn.

A study of prima ballerina Margot Fonteyn by Isabel Rawsthorne, 1968. Photograph: © Warwick Llewellyn Nicholas Estate

Now “Mrs Lambert”, she worked on the designs for the notoriously risque Festival of Britain ballet Tiresias, performed in Britain in only one production at Sadler’s Wells. A show at the prestigious Hanover Gallery in London followed and she was once again hailed as a talent.

After Lambert’s death, she moved to the Essex countryside and married her third husband, the composer Alan Rawsthorne. “That was Isabel’s surname when she died but, of course, no one connected it to her previous lives,” said Jacobi, adding that none of these marriages brought her the position or security others might have sought. “Instead, Isabel just had to start again at least twice because of her new married identities.”

A 2016 YouGov poll found that more than half of single British women still planned to change their name at marriage, although this marked a 30% fall on the current rate. Separate research has also noted a growing trend to adopt a double-barrelled joint surname on marriage.

What’s in a name, as Shakespeare’s Juliet asked? Well, according to Beer, it is a strong bit of branding for any artist and, in the case of a male genius such as Shakespeare, several different spellings of his surname, coupled with scant archival evidence, did not stop the building of a legacy. “Scholars can find a way around it if they want,” she said.

Isabel dos Santos: Africa's richest woman eyes Angola presidency

Angola billionaire Isabel dos Santos, and one of the wealthiest women in the world, has hinted at contesting for the country’s presidency.

In speaking with the BBC, Isabel on four different occasions refused to rule out the possibility that she could be running for the nation’s highest political post.

It should be noted that her father, Jose Eduardo dos Santos, was the president of Angola for 38 years. Also, prosecutors are trying to recover $1bn (N361,500,000,000) Isabel and her associates are said to be owing the country.

Isabel, who is 46 years old, was estimated by Forbes magazine to be $2.2bn (N795,300,000,000), which makes her the richest woman in Africa.

How people are planning to assassinate me for not endorsing Atiku’s 2023 presidency - PDP leader alleges

Isabel dos Santos has stakes in different sectors and was rated as one of the richest women in the world by Forbes magazine. Photo credit: Yahoo News
Source: UGC

In hinting at her interest in the post, she revealed her strong sense of duty and patriotism to her country, saying “to lead is to serve, so I will do whatever my life takes me.”

Later, Africa’s richest woman on a Portuguese television said it is very possible she might run for the office come 2022.

This latest development is a total difference as she had never shown political interest but was only always seen as a successful entrepreneur.

When she was 24 years old, Isabel bought a stake in Miami Beach, a stylish bar and restaurant in Luanda, and from there steadily rose to become the first female billionaire on the continent.

She also has a 6% share in Galp, a Portuguese oil and gas firm that is worth around $830m. Among others, Isabel has a 42.5% stake in BIC, also known as Angolan bank.

Top PDP chief Bode George reportedly joins race to take over from Buhari in 2023

Meanwhile, earlier reported that Taiwan made history in its politics as it on Saturday, January 11, re-elected its female president, Tsai Ing-wen, for a second term.

Ing-wen won the election by a landslide as she polled a record winning of 8.2 million votes to defeat her rival, Han Kuo-yu.

Read Also: 1999 Constitution must be reworked, says Gbajabiamila

“He is a symbol of sterling leadership. An active promoter of the unity and the prosperity of all Nigerians and a bridge builder. He has provided and is still providing purposeful and inspirational leadership for the legislature.

“His leadership has fostered harmony and unity in parliament and among the various arms of government. The people of Nigeria and in particular, the people of the Surulere constituency in Lagos State are very proud of his achievements and his contributions to the development of our nation,” he said.

He praised Adeagbo for taking up the task of nation building in his unique way through the book that will serve as a piece of the nation’s history.

“The moments captured and memorialised have become a fundamental part of our history,” Tinubu said.

Senate President Ahmad Lawan also lauded the Speaker. He indicated that the lawmakers would pass the Electoral Act Amendment Bill, the Petroleum Industry Bill and amend the constitution within the next two months.

Lawan said Gbajabiamila had been supportive in passing legislation that would improve the lives of the people.

He said Nigerians would gain from the good working relationship existing among the two chambers.

He assured that Nigerians would witness “remarkable legislation” from the National Assembly within the next two months when the Assembly would embark on its summer vacation.

He indicated that the lawmakers would pass the Electoral Act Amendment Bill, the Petroleum Industry Bill and amend the constitution within the next two months.

He said: “I want to inform Nigerians from this platform that the next two months will witness very remarkable legislation passed by this National Assembly. The two chambers have worked so hard to ensure the passage of the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB).

“Equally important is to ensure the passage of the Electoral Act Amendment Bill and of course the amendment of Constitution. Between now and July, Mr Speaker, we would be on this long road and by the grace of God before we go on summer recess, we will pass these very important bills for the betterment and development of our country,” he said.

“We have a date with history that we have been given that opportunity, the trust and mandate to preside over the two chambers, we should not allow any opportunity by anyone to take us away from the mission of making this country better,” he said.

Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, Ndudi Elumelu, described Gbajabiamila as a statesman, bridge builder and comrade.

Lagos State Governor, Babajide Sanwo-Olu, who also lauded the Speaker, said Adeagbo has proved that young people have initiatives and should be encouraged.

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Isabel Wilkerson’s ‘Caste’ Is an ‘Instant American Classic’ About Our Abiding Sin

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A critic shouldn’t often deal in superlatives. He or she is here to explicate, to expand context and to make fine distinctions. But sometimes a reviewer will shout as if into a mountaintop megaphone. I recently came upon William Kennedy’s review of “One Hundred Years of Solitude,” which he called “the first piece of literature since the Book of Genesis that should be required reading for the entire human race.” Kennedy wasn’t far off.

I had these thoughts while reading Isabel Wilkerson’s new book, “Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents.” It’s an extraordinary document, one that strikes me as an instant American classic and almost certainly the keynote nonfiction book of the American century thus far. It made the back of my neck prickle from its first pages, and that feeling never went away.

I told more than one person, as I moved through my days this past week, that I was reading one of the most powerful nonfiction books I’d ever encountered.

Wilkerson’s book is about how brutal misperceptions about race have disfigured the American experiment. This is a topic that major historians and novelists have examined from many angles, with care, anger, deep feeling and sometimes simmering wit.

Wilkerson’s book is a work of synthesis. She borrows from all that has come before, and her book stands on many shoulders. “Caste” lands so firmly because the historian, the sociologist and the reporter are not at war with the essayist and the critic inside her. This book has the reverberating and patriotic slap of the best American prose writing.

[ This book is one of our most anticipated titles of August. See the full list. ]

This is a complicated book that does a simple thing. Wilkerson, who won a Pulitzer Prize for national reporting while at The New York Times and whose previous book, “The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration,” won the National Book Critics Circle Award, avoids words like “white” and “race” and “racism” in favor of terms like “dominant caste,” “favored caste,” “upper caste” and “lower caste.”

Some will quibble with her conflation of race and caste. (Social class is a separate matter, which Wilkerson addresses only rarely.) She does not argue that the words are synonyms. She argues that they “can and do coexist in the same culture and serve to reinforce each other. Race, in the United States, is the visible agent of the unseen force of caste. Caste is the bones, race the skin.” The reader does not have to follow her all the way on this point to find her book a fascinating thought experiment. She persuasively pushes the two notions together while addressing the internal wounds that, in America, have failed to clot.

A caste system, she writes, is “an artificial construction, a fixed and embedded ranking of human value that sets the presumed supremacy of one group against the presumed inferiority of other groups on the basis of ancestry and often immutable traits, traits that would be neutral in the abstract but are ascribed life-and-death meaning.”

“As we go about our daily lives, caste is the wordless usher in a darkened theater, flashlight cast down in the aisles, guiding us to our assigned seats for a performance,” Wilkerson writes. She observes that caste “is about respect, authority and assumptions of competence — who is accorded these and who is not.”

Wilkerson’s usages neatly lift the mind out of old ruts. They enable her to make unsettling comparisons between India’s treatment of its untouchables, or Dalits, Nazi Germany’s treatment of Jews and America’s treatment of African-Americans. Each country “relied on stigmatizing those deemed inferior to justify the dehumanization necessary to keep the lowest-ranked people at the bottom and to rationalize the protocols of enforcement.”

Wilkerson does not shy from the brutality that has gone hand in hand with this kind of dehumanization. As if pulling from a deep reservoir, she always has a prime example at hand. It takes resolve and a strong stomach to stare at the particulars, rather than the generalities, of lives under slavery and Jim Crow and recent American experience. To feel the heat of the furnace of individual experience. It’s the kind of resolve Americans will require more of.

“Caste” gets off to an uncertain start. Its first pages summon, in dystopian-novel fashion, the results of the 2016 election alongside anthrax trapped in the permafrost being released into the atmosphere because of global warming. Wilkerson is making a point about old poisons returning to haunt us. But by pulling in global warming (a subject she never returns to in any real fashion) so early in her book, you wonder if “Caste” will be a mere grab bag of nightmare impressions.

Her consideration of the 2016 election, and American politics in general, is sobering. To anyone who imagined that the election of Barack Obama was a sign that America had begun to enter a post-racial era, she reminds us that the majority of whites did not vote for him.

She poses the question so many intellectuals and pundits on the left have posed, with increasing befuddlement: Why do the white working classes in America vote against their economic interests?

She runs further with the notion of white resentment than many commentators have been willing to, and the juices of her argument follow the course of her knife. What these pundits had not considered, Wilkerson writes, “was that the people voting this way were, in fact, voting their interests. Maintaining the caste system as it had always been was in their interest. And some were willing to accept short-term discomfort, forgo health insurance, risk contamination of the water and air, and even die to protect their long-term interest in the hierarchy as they had known it.”

In her novel “Americanah,” Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie suggested that “maybe it’s time to just scrap the word ‘racist.’ Find something new. Like Racial Disorder Syndrome. And we could have different categories for sufferers of this syndrome: mild, medium and acute.”

Wilkerson has written a closely argued book that largely avoids the word “racism,” yet stares it down with more humanity and rigor than nearly all but a few books in our literature.

“Caste” deepens our tragic sense of American history. It reads like watching the slow passing of a long and demented cortege. In its suggestion that we need something akin to South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, her book points the way toward an alleviation of alienation. It’s a book that seeks to shatter a paralysis of will. It’s a book that changes the weather inside a reader.

While reading “Caste,” I thought often of a pair of sentences from Colson Whitehead’s novel “The Underground Railroad.” “The Declaration [of Independence] is like a map,” he wrote. “You trust that it’s right, but you only know by going out and testing it for yourself.”

Two History Buffs Wed Past to Future

Daniel West, a venture investor, and Isabel Eberstadt, a singer/songwriter, appreciate the lessons of history.

Daniel West, a history buff, was asked what era he would have preferred living in with his wife, Isabel Eberstadt, if given the opportunity.

“The American Founding,” said Mr. West, 33, a venture investor, who is originally from Houston and the founding chairman of Brillante Academy, a Texas public charter school.

“The founders were conscious of the fact that they were launching an experiment in self-government,” said Mr. West, who graduated from Harvard, from which he received an M.B.A. and a law degree.

“The idea was to figure out how to govern ourselves instead of waiting to be told by someone else how to live,” he said. “To be able to tell your kids in 1776 that ‘the future is yours,’ that’s something exciting to think about.”

Mr. West, who spent four years as a Marine (2009-13), is himself a part of modern history. He served as a platoon commander with the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit, and stationed aboard the USS Mesa Verde, he led the tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel force in support of the NATO aerial campaign over Libya. He also deployed to Marjah, Helmand Province, Afghanistan as executive officer of India Company, 3rd Battalion, 9th Marines before leaving active duty. He achieved the rank of captain, and was last stationed at Camp Lejeune, N.C.

Ms. Eberstadt, 27, a singer/songwriter, agreed with Mr. West that raising young children during the time when Philadelphia was fast-becoming the cradle of liberty was an exciting thought.

“But women couldn’t vote back then, so I probably wouldn’t be happy,” said Ms. Eberstadt, who works alongside her sister, Kate Eberstadt, in the alt-pop duo, Delune. They have performed in theaters and other venues around the world. Their music teaching projects have involved collaboration with communities in Berlin, Washington, Kazakhstan, and Nepal, and have been featured in Elle and Glamour, among other publications.

The couple’s love and appreciation of history is why Mr. West and Ms. Eberstadt were married March 20 at the Cathedral of St. Matthew in Washington, where the couple now lives. The Rev. Aquinas Guilbeau, a Roman Catholic priest, performed the ceremony, which did not include guests.

The couple originally preferred marrying at the same cathedral on New Year’s Eve 2020, but the coronavirus forced them to wait nearly three months before exchanging vows in the place where many historic events have taken place, including the funeral of President John F. Kennedy, the annual Red Mass attended by justices of the Supreme Court, and visits by St. Teresa of Calcutta and Pope John Paul II.

The bride’s parents, Mary and Nicholas Eberstadt of Washington, are also a part of the cathedral’s history, having been married there in 1987.

“It’s a pretty impressive place and Isabel is a pretty impressive woman,” said the groom, a son of Christine and Scott Garrity West of Spring, Texas.

“But what really impresses me about her is that she’s tremendously generous, sensitive and loving to everyone,” he said. “She just has this tremendous willingness to pour out her heart to family, friends or people she might not even know who are suffering in some way.”

The bride said that the groom would have succeeded in any era he chose to live in, had he a choice.

“No matter when, or where,” she said, “because anything Daniel sets his mind on doing, he simply gets it done.’

Isabel Wilkerson Bio, Family, Books and Net Worth

Isabel Wilkerson is a popular American journalist and writer. She authored historical studies such as Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents and The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. She is the first African-American woman to get the Pulitzer Prize for her contribution to journalism. Her age is fifty-nine and many find her writings inspiring. She also received the George S. Polk Award and National Book Critics Circle Award for her works. Know more about Isabel Wilkerson’s biography here.

Background information

Isabel Wilkerson’s birth date is 1961 and her birthplace is Washington D.C. She did journalism at Howard University and became the chief editor for her college newspaper called The Hilltop. She also worked as an intern for the publication houses such as Washington Post and Los Angeles Times.

Profession and achievements

In 1994, Wilkerson while serving as the chief bureau of The New York Times became the first African-American woman to receive a Pulitzer Prize in the field of Journalism. She won the prize for writing about 1993 midwestern floods and about the real-life events of a ten-year-old who looked after his four siblings.

She is the winner of many prestigious awards like the Guggenheim Fellowship, George S. Polk Award, and Journalist of the Year. The author was also a professor of many universities like Emory University, Princeton University, Northwestern University, and more.

After fifteen years of research and writing, she released The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. It is about the routes utilized by African Americans for moving to southern states in the 1960s and 1970s. It also had personal stories of people. She interviewed more than 1000 people who used the routes to write the historical study. The book hit the number five place in the New York Times Bestseller in the nonfiction category. Many reviewers such as The New Yorker,, The Daily Beast, The Economist reviewed the book and deemed it the best.

via: Vineyard Gazette

This book won Anisfield-Wolf Award, Mark Lynton History Prize, National Book Critics Circle Award and more. In 2010 interview Wilkerson stated that she was part of the movement when African-Americans moved to the South after many generations.

Next, she wrote the Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents and this book also received good reviews. The New York Times called the book an American classic. It talked about social history in a powerful way. The popular personality Oprah Winfrey is currently reading this book in her book club. She is also encouraging everybody to read it as it is an amazing book.

Personal life

Isabel Wilkerson married Roderick Jeffrey Watts in 1989. They got married at Fort Washington, Maryland, United States. They are both famous personalities in America.

The net worth of Isabel Wilkerson

As Isabel Wilkerson is a great author and has contributed a lot in the field of journalism her net worth estimate is $1.6 Million. She is an inspirational woman who writes about African-American history. Many famous people are reading historical works written by her. The author also served as the professor for many Universities.


Isabel Wilkerson shows her power through her writing. The readers find her works interesting. She spends a lot of time in research before writing to get all the information regarding it. This shows her writing talents.


Nnaji was born in Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria, and grew up in Lagos. The fourth of eight children, she was raised in a middle-class family her father worked as an engineer and her mother as a nursery school teacher. [13]

She attended Methodist Girls College (Yaba, Lagos), before proceeding to the University of Lagos, where she graduated with a bachelor's degree in creative arts. While at the university, she began auditioning for acting jobs in Nollywood. [8]

Nnaji started her acting career as a child actor in the then-popular television soap opera Ripples at the age of 8. [14] In 1998, at the age of 19, she was introduced into the growing Nigerian film industry with the movie Most Wanted. [15] Her subsequent movies include Last Party, Mark of the Beast, and Ijele. [14] In 2010, she starred in the award-winning film Ijé: The Journey. She has starred in over 200 Nollywood movies. [16]

In 2004, Nnaji signed a recording contract with EKB Records a Ghanaian record label, and released her debut album One Logologo Line. [17] It is a mix of R&B, Hip-Hop, and Urban music. [18] In 2004, Genevieve Nnaji was with the most votes after contending with other celebrities for the search for the face of Lux in 2004. [19]

In 2005, she won the Africa Movie Academy Award (AMAA) for Best Actress in a Leading Role, becoming the first actor to win the award. [20]

As of 2009, Nnaji was one of the best-paid female actors in Nollywood. [21] [22] Due to her contributions to the Nigerian movie industry, she became the first actor to be awarded Best Actress at the 2001 City Peoples Awards, the award ceremony that previously had only recognized politicians and business conglomerates. She was also the first actor to be awarded as Best Actress by the Censors Board of Nigeria in 2003. [23] In 2009, she was referred to as the Julia Roberts of Africa by Oprah Winfrey. [24] [25]

In November 2015, Nnaji produced her first movie called Road to Yesterday, [26] later winning Best Movie Overall-West Africa at the 2016 Africa Magic Viewers Choice Awards.

In January 2018, it was reported that Genevieve would be replacing Funke Akindele as a member of the Dora Milaje in Marvel's Avengers: Infinity War. [27] This was later debunked as an internet prank and the actor did not appear in the movie. [28]

On 7 September 2018, her directorial debut Lionheart was acquired by online streaming service Netflix, making it the first Netflix original film from Nigeria. [29] The movie had its world premiere at the 2018 Toronto International Film Festival, alongside Farming, the Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje's autobiographical directorial debut where she starred in alongside Kate Beckinsale, Damson Idris, and Gugu Mbatha-Raw.

On May 6 2021 Genevieve Nnaji was featured in a skit by Ofego titled "Say It And Quench" on his YouTube channel.

Genevieve Nnaji is also a women's activist. She advocates for Nigerian girls to be able to have a say in who they choose to marry. She is against early marriages for the girl child. She is strongly against abuse of women in society. [30] [31] Genevieve says she is a strong advocate for social justice. [32] Further, Genevieve Nnaji is a strong feminist. She states her type of feminism is the woman who has the right to make her own choices and do whatever she feels like. [33]

Nnaji has featured in several commercials, include for Pronto (beverage) and Omo detergent. In 2004, she became the "Face of Lux" in Nigeria [34] in a highly lucrative sponsorship deal. [8] In 2008, Nnaji launched the clothing line "St. Genevieve", which donates its proceeds to charity. [7] [35] In May 2010, she was appointed to be the official "Face of MUD" in Nigeria. [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]

Nnaji has received several awards and nominations for her work, including the Best Actress of the Year Award at the 2001 City People Awards and the Best Actress in a Leading Role Award at the 2005 Africa Movie Academy Awards. [6] [8]

In 2019, her movie, Lionheart (2018 film), was selected by the Nigerian Oscars Selection Committee (NOSC), as Nigeria's submission to the Best International Feature Film Category of the 2020 Oscars. It was the first film ever submitted to the Oscars by Nigeria. [41]

Subsequently, the oscar submission was canceled for not meeting the language criteria. The film's dialogue track is predominantly in the English language. However, the Oscar rules since 2006 dictate that eligible movies must have a “Predominantly non-English Dialogue Track.” This move was an attempt to open up more opportunities for films from diverse cultures.

In a viral Tweet on 4 November 2019, the Award-winning filmmaker Ava DuVernay, had questioned the Academy's decision on nixing Lionheart Oscar race for using its official language—English. Genevieve, in response to Ava DuVernay's Tweet, took to Twitter to explain that the country Nigeria as presently constituted, does boast of over 500 languages, making it so ethnically diverse that English, as the official language, can only be the language utilized to make the movie widely acceptable to the eclectic audience across the country, and even beyond the continent of Africa.

In an article published by Culture writer and multiculturalism scholar- Kovie Biakolo titled "Nigeria's Lion Heart Disqualification is Bigger than the Oscars" on the CNN opinion website Kovie opined that "one cannot help but feel that Nigeria is ultimately being penalized for being a former British colony in using the very language that was imposed on its people, to communicate between them, and especially for art. Former French, Spanish and Portuguese colonies certainly don't have this problem. And in truth, the Academy may be demonstrating a short-sighted or surface-level understanding of its purported inclusivity in this category". [42]

She went further to criticize the Oscar board for allowing the nominations of British movies that were not done English, which invariably is the Country's main language but did so in the case of Nigeria whose cultural diversity could be confounding yet true.

Student News

First Methodist School
A honor roll for the third six weeks at First Methodist School in Bartow:

First grade -- Jacob Bowen, Noah Embree, Leah Fennelly, Michael Gregory, Melysse Hall, Kaitlynn Stanfill, Sydney Sumner.

Second grade -- Noah Cole, Megan Harrelson, Kelsianne McMillan, Dalton Miles.

Third grade -- Chase Alfsen, Emily Harrelson, Britney Meadows.

Excel Christian Academy
All-A honor roll for the second grading period at Excel Christian Academy:

First grade -- Michael Anderson, Sarah Barker, Hayden Bass, Megan Carter, Shuming Chang, Nathan Cockman, Michael Faison, Wynter Jenkins, Trinity Johnston, Isaac Jones, Kailee Ritter, Andrew Short, Savannah Stroud, Autumn Thomas, Brittany Thevenot.

Second grade -- Allison Acosta, Kiersten Billingsley, Brian Brown, Austin Howard, Jonathan Sawyer, Madison Schmidt, Amber Towson, Eli Wright.

Third grade -- Rigel Alipala, Alyssa Lovelace, Megan-Marie Martin, Isabella Pierce, Austen Rutter, Seth Sullivan.

Fourth grade -- Shuwei Chang, Ryan Grice, Dayna Lantz, Jacob Ritter.

Fifth grade -- Victoria Bardega, Deborah Barker, Judy Barker, Autumn Jenkins, Christian McGee.

St. Paul Lutheran School
St. Paul Lutheran School's A honor roll for the second quarter:

First grade -- Madison Brown, Logan DiMotta, Heather Goodman, Svasha Iyengar, Kobe Jones, Katie Kelton, Jonathan Lehman, Robin Martinez, Joshua Rajakumar, Eve Royal, Jacob Stephens, Brianna Storie.

Second grade -- Ben Appel, Bria Aqui, Taylor Beck, Antonio Glenn, Anna Henricks, Daisy Judge, Rachel Lulf, Brianna Ray, Andrew Reynoso, Will Richert, Eli Shirley, Funmi Sobowale, Joshua Stephens, Katherine Stokes, Madison Tolson, Hannah Walker, Nicholas Wegman, Zachary Wesche, Adam Zalanka.

Third grade -- Hayley Cheatwood, Benjamin Cheshire, Reagan Cheyne, Anna Koretchko, Sumvruta Iyengar.

Fourth grade -- Evan Budd, Andrew Elliott, Joshua Judge, Ben Kelton, Marlee Knotts, Josie Koretchko, Andrew Nelson, Hunter Ponder, Ana Saavedra, Jessie Scarpa, Amanda Schell, Landon Schneider.

Fifth grade -- Katie Amann, Scott Benton, Patrick Lucas, Miranda Schwabe, Kylie Werk.

Sixth grade -- Emily Behrens, Amanda Erwin, Erin Ginn, Drew Koretchko, Todd Lockwood, Anthony Lucido, Kacy Scarpa, Thomas Shaw.

Seventh grade -- Hope Andreadis, David Brekke, Kevin Pahl, John Schell, Melissa Wellslager.

Eighth grade -- Sarah Amann, Jennifer Mammel, Hannah Pennekamp, Suzanne Thornton.

University of Florida
Shannon Lee Tingwall Kelly graduated from Levin College of Law at the University of Florida on Dec. 16. In 1997 she received a bachelor's degree in art history from Florida State University and in 1993 she graduated from Bartow High School. Kelly and her husband, Chris, reside in Orlando where she is employed by the firm of Moye, O'Brien, O'Rourke, Pickert and Martin. Kelly is the daughter of Butch and Mimi Tingwall of Bartow.

Jason Blake Gainous received his doctorate of philosophy in political science from the University of Florida in Gainesville on Dec. 17. He is the son of John Gainous and Pam Steinberg of Lakeland. This summer, Gainous, his wife, Sherry, and their daughter, Bella, will move from Lakeland to Louisville, Ky., where he has accepted a position as a professor at the University of Louisville.

Polk Community College
The following is an alphabetical list, continued from last week, of PCC's graduates divided by towns:

Nancy Champagne, Elizabeth Charlier, Jarrod Chastain, Michael Christiano, Amy Clark, Tara Crum, Christopher Daly, Abby Daughtry, Kimberly Davis, Jeremy Duley, Claudel Edee, Fiona Elliott, Heather Esposito, Lindsay Floto, Jessica Frazier, Jamie Frazier, Jolene Guffey, Meghan Gullen, Jemera Gunter, Karen Hagman, Sheila Hardy, Jacqueline Harrison, Patricia Heath, Lisa Hernden, Jordan Hiebert, Brandi Higgins, Tina Isaacs, Amy Ives, Shannon Jernigan, Shakira Johnson, Matthew Karg, Belinda King, Ronda Lacy, Bobra Lane, David Larue, Earlanne Lewis, Jenafer Lundquist, Matthew Marinke, Timothy Mccormick, Vanessa Mcculley, Bobbie Meadows, Roozbeh Meghdadi, Sharmila Michael, Lauren Myers, Laura Neaves, Jennifer Ormand, Martha Paul, Kalliopi Peros, Dropattie Persaud, Christopher Persaud, Steven Pflugi, Laura Pollard, Natasha Pringle, Heather Pueschel, Taryn Rasmussen, Joana Rodrigues, Samantha Saylor, Tanja Scott, Michelle Simoens, Britton Smith, Carrie Smith, Sarah Steger, Cynthea Taylor, Theresa Thompson, Lynne Ulloa, Carma Vanlerberg, Amanda Walker, Beverly Westbrook, Melanie Wheat.

University of West Florida
Heather Bone, daughter of Jim and Carol Paige of Lakeland, received her master's degree in accountancy from the University of West Florida on Dec. 10, in Pensacola. She is a 2002 graduate of Florida Southern College and is employed by O'Sullivan Creel as a tax accountant.

Southeastern University
Southeastern University graduates received awards during a special ceremony Dec. 6 to honor students deemed most outstanding in their major. They were Rachel Malcolm of Lakeland, accounting Lance Schmidt of Zephyrhills, finance Danielle Raber of Fort Myers, management Londa Davis of Tampa, management information systems Shannon Combs of Lakeland, marketing Adam Kleinhenn of Cincinnati, communication Karin Hept of Clyde, N.C., elementary education and Erin Holt of Tampa, secondary English education.

About 30 Southeastern University students are assisting Garden Grove Church in Winter Haven with a feeding program through area elementary schools. Collegiate Masters Corps and ministry students help with everything from planning to executing the community-wide program, which provides food to needy families weekly.

Watch the video: Yoruba movie - Gbelepawo staring Sola Sobowale,