Madre de Deus Model

Madre de Deus Model



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Madras, India » City Info » History

Chennai is stated to be an important contributor towards the administrative, military, and economic centre since the 1st century. The Pallava, the Chola, the Pandya, and Vijaynagar the noticeable dynasties ruled over Chennai. Mylapore was a major port of the Pallava. In 1522, the Portuguese built a port called Sao Tome. It was named after the Christian leader of reforms, St. Thomas who preached in the area between 52 and 70 A.D.

Ellāḷaṉ statue in the premises of Madras High Court.
Photo credit: Flickr/Balu Velachery/ CC BY-SA 2.0

In due course, the two towns Madraspattinam and Chennapattinam merged in the 17th century i.e. the period when the British gained possession of the area. The united town was referred to Madraspattinam by the British whereas the localities preferred to call it 'Chennapattinam'.

On 22nd August 1639, a small piece of land was purchased by the British East India Company which is located on the Coromandel Coast in Chandragiri from Peda Venkata Raya, king of Vijayanagar. For trading projects, Damerla Venkatapathy being the ruler of Vandavasi region permitted the British to build a factory and a warehouse. The next year British built the Fort St. George which then became a core part of the growing colonial city.

Along with Tamil Nadu, the other northern modern-day states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka were conquered by the British in the late 18th century. This was the period when the Madras Presidency was established with Madras as the capital. Under British rule, the city grew into a major urban centre and naval base.

After India gained independence in 1947, Chennai became the capital of Madras State. In 1969 Madras state was renamed as the state of Tamil Nadu.

In 2004, An 'Indian Ocean Tsunami' altered the coastline of Chennai permanently, killing many and leaving thousands of hundreds homeless.


Contents

The manor was constructed by the Majorat and Captain-major of Angra, João de Bettencourt de Vasconcelos (an extended member of the Bettencourt family) in the second half of the 17th century, from a small residence whose principal facade was oriented towards the east (now the wall dividing the dining-room in the principal edifice). [1]

João de Bettencourt de Vasconcelos, along with his brother-in-law, Captain-major Francisco Ornelas da Câmara (who presided over the local Military War Council) used this building in 1641 during their blockade of the fortress of São João Baptista, and carved-out trenches around the building in order to defend the site. [1]

Following years of political instability, the site became a centre of equestrianism on Terceira, with various redoubts and ring, supporting and teaching several famous bullfighters from around the island. [2]

The small chapel at the site is dedicated to the invocation of Nossa Senhora da Madre de Deus (Our Lady the Mother of God) and was constructed in 1727, under the initiative of Vital de Bettencourt de Vasconcelos, the great-great grandson of João de Bettencourt. [1] The following year, on 15 June, the Bishop of Angra, D. Manuel Álvares da Costa, passed a charter to establish a cult, owing to "the parameters necessary, bell-tower and doorway towards the road". [1] This last detail implied that the hermitage was a public space, since the door was allows to be open to those who wished to assist the religious services. [1]

The old gate, that gave rise to the patio, the fountain and the entranceway were part of the elaborate changes made by the older owners. Over the main doorway is the coat-of-arms of the Bettencourt family. [1]

The 1980 Azores earthquake caused serious damage to the internal structure of the building, demanding major repairs, consolidation of walls and restore of spaces. [1] Yet, owing to the expense, the family sold the estate to the State, which was restored and re-qualified to serve as the cabinet of the Ministry of the Republic in the Azores. [1]

The manor of Madre de Deus was classified as a Imóvel de Interesse Público (Property of Public Interest) by resolution 41/80 (11 June 1980), and included within the central zone of the historic centre of Angra do Heroísmo. [1] [2] [3]

The former manorhouse is situated within the limits of the historic centre of Angra do Heroísmo, and is the current official residence and district centre of the Republican representative to the Azores.

It is an example of the larger manorhouses that were constructed in the 17th century, that supported a large rural estate (that extended to the north of the residence). [1] This manor continued to be held by descendants until the 1980 Azores earthquake, when the former property-owners sold the building to the State. [1]


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Role Model Mother Teresa (Essay Sample)

Many people find comfort in helping those in need. However, Mother Teresa is one of the exceptional people who inspired the whole world. She is my role model because her exemplary work, she was caring, religious and led a selfless life. She inspired and motivated me through her charity work. Mother Teresa was in born Yugoslavia as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in 1910. She dedicated her life helping the less fortunate all over the world. She is an example of a few individuals who inspired the world by her small deeds. She put aside her desires and need to help others proving how one person can make a big difference in the world.

Mother Teresa lived in Macedonia, was involved in charity work at an early age, as a teenager she discovered her calling and joined the Irish Sisters of Loreto, she was named Teresa after Saint Therese of Lisieux. Mother Teresa’s work was felt all over the world because she was involved missionaries charity work establishing 450 centers all over the world reaching out to the needy and ill people. She assisted in establishing homes for people with terminal illness because she believed that people should die peacefully.

Mother Teresa established dispensaries, hospital, homes for unwanted children and school. Mother Teresa and her followers nursed the sick, taught street children gave shelter to the homeless and proclaimed the word of God. During her charitable missions, she traveled to many places from Ethiopia to Armenia to help those affected by the earthquake. Whenever there was the need, and she could help, Mother Teresa did it with her whole heart. Mother Teresa died in September 1997 after contracting malaria and a chest infection. She is remembered for receiving numerous awards for her great work. Some of the coveted prizes she received included the nobel peace prize, India’s Jawaharlal Nehru Award and the US Medal of Freedom. Mother Teresa is remembered for most of her noble deeds she was dedicated and lived a selfless life. Her work will be remembered for many years because she was inspirational. Mother Teresa will be remembered for all her noble deeds.

Mother Teresa was referred to as the Angel of Mercy because she showed mercy to the people who were neglected. She always was concerned about others more than she was. There probably will not be another person like her, but through her, many people have been inspired and can live by her example by reaching out to everyone in need. I remember Mother Teresa once said that not everyone could do great things. However, we can start small by doing small deeds with passion. Mother Teresa loved everyone with passion and found good in every person she met. Mother Teresa was determined as she helped the poor she saved many lives in his country India.

Mother Teresa had a beautiful heart and worked to eliminate the suffering of humanity and relieve the helpless from misery. She understood the pain of others. I have never seen someone dedicating her entire life serving the diseased, underprivileged and poor people. I am not surprised that many people came from all over the world to meet her and seek her blessings. Mother Teresa is the mother and a role model of the world. Looking back at what Mother Teresa did for others, I feel inspired and would want to volunteer my services during my free time. I admire her courage and her simple life I wish I could be compassionate and look at life positively each day. I hope that everyone can follow her example by helping the poor and needy in our community and throughout the world.


Portuguese India Route

Vasco da Gama opened a maritime route from Europe to the Asian markets of spices and exotic goods in 1497-1499. His successful trip to India, around the Cape of Good Hope drastically changed the commerce between these two regions. Capable of carrying the equivalent cargo of a caravan of 200 camels or more, each ship brought to Europe a large quantity of spices, drugs, porcelains, cotton cloth, exotic animals, plants, animals, and tastes. The Portuguese kings sent a fleet to India almost every year, for over a century. These voyages are relatively well documented, as well as their routes, their ports of call, the names of the ship’s captains, the Asian governors, or the notable soldiers that traveled in them. We know a good deal about the economics of this trade, its impact in 16 th -Century Europe, the business networks it generated in various countries, and the role of the Church in the European expansion.

Braun and Hogenberg view of Lisbon (1572).

The 16th century is a relatively well documented period in the history of Portugal. Writers and poets like Luis de Camões, Sá de Miranda, Gil Vicente, Bernardim Ribeiro, Garcia de Resende, Jerónim87o Corte Real, and so many others left us a good insight of the social and political life in Portugal in this period.

The discovery of slave markets on the African coast in the mid-15th century must have changed the country’s landscape, as the number of African Slaves and migrants increased, both in the countryside and in the major cities.

Painting titled ‘Chafariz d’El Rey,’ possibly a fake, portrays Lisbon’s waterfront in the 16th century.

The Ships

We don’t know much about the ships of this expansion: the Portuguese Indiamen. We have a few treatises, all dating to the late 16th century, some iconography, a few allusions to ship’s parts in the accounts of voyages or of the shipwrecks, but we have a long way to go before we manage to have a good idea of how these vessels were conceived, built, or how did they perform in heavy seas, how did they evolve during the 16th and early 17th centuries.

The Armadas

Every year in late March or late April a fleet departed Portugal to India. Some ships were sent to stay in India and engage in the Asian trade. Other were sent to load with merchandise and sail back to the kingdom.

Most ships arrived safely, but some were lost and among these some were found and looted by fishermen, sport divers, or treasure hunters. In spite the destruction of almost all of these sites, some of the artifacts were preserved and some were published, together with pieces of the hull remains, or rigging.

Late 18th century description of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.

It is difficult to reconstruct the fleets, the voyages, or even the shipwrecks. Few accounts remain and a substantial portion of the archives accumulated in Lisbon was destroyed by the earthquake of 1755.

There are several surviving lists with the names of the captains of each ship that left Lisbon for India, sometimes indicating the name of the ship, and sometimes, in the case of shipwrecks, the place where they were lost.

To our knowledge there is no comparative critical study of all the surviving lists of armadas and their shipwrecks. João Vidago’s seminal work stands as the best summary of the India Route fleets, and we would like to make the primary data available and use his work to develop a database with as much data as feasible. As mentioned in Armadas da India , we used the Relação de capitaens mores e naos que vierão do reyno a este estado da india des do seu descobrimento, transcribed by Eduardo Frutuoso, as the base for this inventory, and we intend to add the two lists surviving in the British Library Codex Add. 20902 as a base, transcribed and published by Maria Herminia Maldonado in 1985, the 11 lists published by Cte, Encarnação Gomes between 1989 and 1996, the works of Eulália Paulo, Paulo Guinote, Eduardo Frutuoso, and António Lopes, the lists from Lisbon and Evora, and the two illustrated lists known as Livro de Lisuarte de Abreu and Memória das Armadas.

Other fleets were armed in Asia and engaged in pendular trips to China, Japan, the Gulf, the Red Sea, Malaysia, and other commercial harbors, or were deployed to wage war on local kingdoms or on the Ottomans. regular trips to Brazil, Cape Verde, or the western and eastern coasts of Africa, and the summary of these ships and shipwrecks is not done.

This page is part of a collective project developed in support of MS student Chase Oswald’s thesis, and aims at inventorying the Portuguese shipwrecks of this period worldwide and recover their stories, when possible.

Shipwreck Accounts

Shipwreck accounts and descriptions of long voyages or naval battles have fascinated readers since ever. In early modern Portugal a number of accounts of voyages and shipwrecks from the Carreira da India were published in the 16 th century and republished by Bernardo Gomes de Brito in 1735-36, under the title História Trágico-Marítima. These accounts are famous and have been translated into several languages, but are not unique.

This form of literary fiction is important for nautical archaeologists, mainly because they may sometimes allow us to identify a shipwreck, but also because they contain information about the ships, the crews, the passengers, and life aboard in general.

In the 1990s Alexandre Monteiro sent us a number of these accounts and the list presented below is largely a result of his research.

The Shipwrecks

Most of the shipwrecks included in this section were salvaged by treasure hunters and are thus difficult to date, let alone identify. Treasure hunters have destroyed most Iberian shipwrecks from the early modern period, sold the artifacts with market value, and abandoned the rest to the elements.

Because treasure hunters are not bound by any moral, ethical, or deontological rules, they work in complete secrecy to avoid public or professional scrutiny. This lack of data makes it difficult, even for specialists, to interpret their finds. Moreover, treasure hunters regularly fake data, assign fake provenances to artifacts they retrieve elsewhere, or buy, or often times falsify.

the information contained in this section is therefore interpretive and often times consists of educated guesses.


“Get Big Fast”

In 1994 Jeff Bezos, a former Wall Street hedge fund executive, incorporated Amazon.com, choosing the name primarily because it began with the first letter of the alphabet and because of its association with the vast South American river. On the basis of research he had conducted, Bezos concluded that books would be the most logical product initially to sell online. Amazon.com was not the first company to do so Computer Literacy, a Silicon Valley bookstore, began selling books from its inventory to its technically astute customers in 1991. However, the promise of Amazon.com was to deliver any book to any reader anywhere.

While Amazon.com famously started as a bookseller, Bezos contended from its start that the site was not merely a retailer of consumer products. He argued that Amazon.com was a technology company whose business was simplifying online transactions for consumers.

The Amazon.com business strategy was often met with skepticism. Financial journalists and analysts disparaged the company by referring to it as Amazon.bomb. Doubters claimed Amazon.com ultimately would lose in the marketplace to established bookselling chains, such as Borders and Barnes & Noble, once they had launched competing e-commerce sites. The lack of company profits until the final quarter of 2001 seemed to justify its critics.

However, Bezos dismissed naysayers as not understanding the massive growth potential of the Internet. He argued that to succeed as an online retailer, a company needed to “Get Big Fast,” a slogan he had printed on employee T-shirts. In fact, Amazon.com did grow fast, reaching 180,000 customer accounts by December 1996, after its first full year in operation, and less than a year later, in October 1997, it had 1,000,000 customer accounts. Its revenues jumped from $15.7 million in 1996 to $148 million in 1997, followed by $610 million in 1998. Amazon.com’s success propelled its founder to become Time magazine’s 1999 Person of the Year.

The company expanded rapidly in other areas. Its Associates program, where other Web sites could offer merchandise for sale and Amazon.com would fill the order and pay a commission, grew from one such site in 1996 to more than 350,000 by 1999. Following Bezos’s initial strategy, the company quickly began selling more than books. Music and video sales started in 1998. That same year it began international operations with the acquisition of online booksellers in the United Kingdom and Germany. By 1999 the company was also selling consumer electronics, video games, software, home-improvement items, toys and games, and much more.

To sustain that growth, Amazon.com needed more than private investors to underwrite the expansion. As a result, in May 1997, less than two years after opening its virtual doors to consumers and without ever having made a profit, Amazon.com became a public company, raising $54 million on the NASDAQ market. In addition to the cash, the company was able to use its high-flying stock to fund its aggressive growth and acquisition strategy.

Although offering more types of goods broadened its appeal, it was Amazon.com’s service that gained it customer loyalty and ultimate profitability. Its personalization tools recommended other products to buy on the basis of both a customer’s purchasing history and data from buyers of the same items. Its publishing of customer reviews of products fostered a “community of consumers” who helped each other find everything from the right book to the best blender.


Why Was Mother Teresa Famous?

Mother Teresa was famous for providing humanitarian assistance to destitute residents living on the streets of Calcutta. Mother Teresa provided many kinds of humanitarian aid to poor residents in need, including medical treatment, education and basic supplies such as clothing. Mother Teresa had little training and lacked formal equipment, but made use of the resources she had to improve the lives of others less fortunate than herself.

Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia on August 27, 1910. Her first name, given at birth, was Gonxha. Mother Teresa was one of five children born to parents Nikola and Dronda Bojaxhiu, but only she and two other siblings survived. Despite ultimately living and working with underprivileged citizens in Calcutta, Teresa was born into a family with a considerable amount of wealth. Her family was quite wealthy, due to her father’s successful construction business, and they owned several homes in Yugoslavia.

Mother Teresa eventually left her homeland and moved to Ireland to become a nun. She was ultimately sent to Calcutta to complete her training, and there became involved with providing humanitarian assistance to others. She began by teaching children to read and write, using sticks and dirt as a writing medium. She then made regular visits to poor families and ill citizens to learn of their needs and see how she could help.


Watch the video: Madre de Deus